The 5-15 (FTF/Five To Fifteen) is a questionnaire developed in the Nordic countries with a view to mapping difficulties in children and adolescents aged 5 to 15. At www.5-15.org professionals who have been accepted as users, can load their ratings and receive an immediate norm based graph of the results.
The areas covered include motor function, attention/executive function, language, memory, learning, social skills, internalizing and externalizing behavior problems. The norms are based on ratings from parents. Supplementary norms for parents as well as for teachers may become available from the Danish group in 2013. The results from the 5-15 have to be looked at in the context of other information from interviews, history, medical and psychological testing, and direct observation.
To be approved as a professional user of 5-15, one has to specify professional competence and use of the instrument. In addition, general ethical and professional guidelines have to be accepted and adhered to. The majority of users are psychologists, medical doctors or educators at a corresponding educational level working in services such as school health, school psychology service, community paediatrics, habilitation or psychiatry. It is recommended that users of the instrument are part of a professional team. Through education and work accepted users have gained knowledge of normal and abnormal development. In addition one needs to be familiar with basic statistical concepts in order to interpret the test results, and be aware of limitations as well as possibilities of this type of instrument. A 5-15 training course is recommended. Links to professional literature about 5-15 are available from www.5-15.org, “resources”. Basic information is found in the manual.
It is important that the professional team has the necessary competence for interpretation and use of the test results, including tables and graphs. Sometimes, professional counseling from a more experienced, external user is a good option.
The information gained from 5-15 is confidential and regulated by laws related to client confidentiality and routines for handling sensitive information. Usernames and passwords are personal.
When you apply for a rater account on 5-15, you should provide your professional email address, not a private email address (for example, don't use @hotmail.com or @gmail.com email addresses)
Translation of the Five-To-Fifteen (FTF; 5-15) questionnaire. Guidelines and obligations
As mentioned above; the Five- To- Fifteen (FTF; 5-15) is a parent questionnaire developed in the Nordic countries to map difficulties in children and adolescents aged 5 to 15. At www.5-15.org professionals who have been accepted as users, can load their ratings and receive an immediate norm based graph of the results.
The FTF questionnaire consists of 181 statements followed by boxes marked “Does not apply”, “Applies sometimes/to some extent” or “Applies”. The areas covered include motor function, attention/executive function, language, memory, learning, social skills, internalizing and externalizing behavior problems. Questions regarding impairments are included in the newest version. The norms are based on ratings from parents. A recent Danish study found significant differences between parents and teachers rating the same children. At the same time the mean domain and sub domain scores did not differ very much between parents and teachers in absolute numbers (Lambek &Trillingsgaard 2014).
At present FTF is available in seven languages (English, Swedish, Danish, Finnish, Norwegian, Estonian and Russian). The text included in the graphs has not been translated to Estonian or Russian.
The FTF was developed by a group of Nordic experts in developmental disorders. The majority of the founders, supplemented by some professionals of similar background, are still working to improve and expand the questionnaire which is one of the most commonly used instruments in the Nordic countries. FTF is a non-profit enterprise. The maintenance and development of the instrument is supported by GNC (Gillberg Neuropsychiatry Centre; Sweden), NevSom (Norwegian recourse centre for neurodevelopmental disorders and hypersomnias), and the University of Aarhus (Denmark). So far no costs are involved for professionals accepted as users.
The FTF board welcomes translations into new languages. Some rules have to be followed, however. First of all; in every country using FTF there has to be someone responsible for doing a short evaluation of the people applying for registration as users. (See www. 5-15.org “apply for new account”). The majority of those accepted as users are psychologists working in schools or health care systems, psychiatrists, pediatricians or other medical professionals, educators working with assessment of developmental, learning and emotional disorders, and people with other educational backgrounds working with such disorders.
Those accepted as users may have questions that should be addressed by professionals in their own country. These two functions; accepting new users and answering questions, can be carried out by the same person.
Translations into new languages have to follow accepted rules for such translations. Starting with (usually) the English version an adequate translation into the new language has to be done, before back translation to English. This can be accomplished by anyone who has the competence to do this. The FTF board has to approve the back-translated English version, however, and receive a guarantee that the person responsible for the back-translation did this translation from the version of the new language, and did not use the original English version. Significant differences between the original English version and the back translated English version must lead to adjustments of the new language version. The final back translated English version, and the final version in the new language has to be sent to the FTF board for final approval.
Publishing of new versions without permission, or the use of FTF for profit is illegal. The FTF board welcomes use of the FTF in research and whishes to be informed about research projects using the questionnaire.
Please contact Dr. Björn Kadesjö (firstname.lastname@example.org) for further information.