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REFERENCE LIST FTF (Five to Fifteen - 5-15)

FTF (Five to Fifteen - 5-15) is a questionnaire for parents covering development and behavior of children in ages 5 to 15 years. The norms are based on questionnaires filled in by parents of Nordic children. Basic information about the questionnaire, including studies related to validity, reliability and collection of norms, was first published in:



European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry.
Vol 13. Supplement 3: 3-13:


Airaksinen EM, Michelsson K & Jokela V. (2004). The occurrence of inattention, hyperactivity, impulsivity and coexisting symptoms in a population study of 471 6-8-year old children based on the Five to Fifteen questionnaire. European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry. Vol 13. Supplement 3: 23-30. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15692876

Bohlin G & Janols LO. (2004). Behavioural problems and psychiatric symptoms in 5-13 year-old Swedish children - a comparison of parent ratings on the FTF (Five to Fifteen) with the ratings on CBCL (Child behaviour Checklist). European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry. Vol 13. Supplement 3, 14-22. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15692875

Kadesjö B, Janols LO, Korkman M, Mickelsson K, Strand G, Trillingsgaard A & Gillberg C. (2004). FTF (Five to Fifteen): The development of a parent questionnaire for the assessment of ADHD and comorbid conditions. European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry. Vol 13. Supplement 3: 3-13. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15692877

Korkman M, Jaakkola M , Ahlroth A, Pesonen AE & Turunen MM. (2004). Screening of developmental disorders in five-year-olds using the Five to Fifteen questionnaire. European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry. Vol 13. Supplement 3: 31-38. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15692878

Trillingsgaard A, Damm D, Sommer S, Jepsen JR, Østergaard O, Frydenberg M & Hove Thomsen P (2004). Developmental profiles on basis of the Five To Fifteen parent questionnaire. Clinical validity and utility of the FTF in a child psychiatric sample. European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry. Vol 13. Supplement 3: 39-49. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15692879


FTF (Five to Fifteen, 5-15) - Nordisk Spørgeskema om Barnets Udvikling og Adfærd. Litteraturliste over studier hvori FTF, Nordisk spørgeskema om barnets udvikling og adfærd indgår: I alt 15 artikler, hvorav 9 svenske, tre danske og tre finske.

Other publications:

Some of these publications have 5-15 as a main focus. They will be marked with *. Others have used 5-15 as an instrument in the work.

Bruce B, Thernlund, G & Nettelbladt, U. (2006).* ADHD and language impairment. A study of the parent questionnaire FTF (Five to Fifteen). European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry. Vol 15: 52-60. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16514510

Elovainio, M., Raaska, H., Sinkkonen, J., Mäkipää, S., Lapinleimu, H. (2015). Associations between attachment-related symptoms and later psychological problems among international adoptees: results from the FinAdo study. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, 56(1), 53-61. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25352377

Engman ML, Lindstrom K, Sallamba M, Hertz C, Sundberg B, Hansson ME, et al. One-year follow-up of tick-borne central nervous system infections in childhood. Pediatr Infect Dis J 2012 Jun;31(6):570-574. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed?term=Engman%20Lindstrom%202012

Engstrom P, Van't Hooft I, Tedroff K. Neuropsychiatric symptoms and problems among children with idiopathic toe-walking. J Pediatr Orthop 2012 Dec;32(8):848-852. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23147630

Farooqi A, Hägglöf B, Sedin G, Gothefors L & Serenius F. Executive Functions, Language and Learning Skills in Children Born at 23-25 weeks’ gestation in the 1900s: A Swedish Prospective Follow-Up Study. Submitted 2008. Described here: http://www.blf.net/program/program_pndagar08.pdf

Farooqi, A, Hàgglòf, B, & Serenius, F. (2013). Behaviours related to executive functions and learning skills at 11 years of age after extremely preterm birth: A Swedish national prospective follow-up study. Acta Paediatrica, 102 (6), 625–634. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23458380

Forsman, L. & Eliasson A.C. (2015). Strengths and challenges faced by school-aged children with unilateral CP described by the Five To Fifteen parental questionnaire. Dev Neurorehabil, 19, 1-9. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25837595

Gillberg, C. (1999). Nordisk enhet om DAMP/ADHD. Läkartidningen, 99., 3330-3331. http://ltarkiv.lakartidningen.se/artNo19787

Hölcke M, Marcus C, Gillberg C,& Fernell E. (2008) Paediatric obesity: a neurodevelopmental perspective. Acta Pædiatrica, 97: 819-821. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18430075

Haavisto, A., Korkman, M., Jalanko, H., Holmberg, C., & Qvist, E. (2010). Neurocognitive function of pediatric heart transplant recipients. Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation, 29 (7), 764-770 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20456979

Haavisto, A., Korkman, M., Törmänen, J., Holmberg, C., Jalanko, H., Qvist, E. (2011). Visuospatial impairment in children and adolescents after liver transplantation. Pediatric Transplantation, 15(2):184-92. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21199213

Huhtala, M., Korja, R., c, Lehtonen, L. Haataja, L., Lapinleimu, H., Rautava, P. on behalf of the PIPARI Study Group. (2014). Associations between parental psychological well-being and socio-emotional development in 5-year-old preterm children. Early Human Development 90, 119–124. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24418104

Hysing, M. & Bøe, T. (2013). Psychometric properties of the Norwegian version of Five to Fifteen (5-15). PsykTestBarn, 1:3. http://www.psyktestbarn.no/CMS/ptb.nsf/pages/ftf

Illum, N.O. & Gradel, K. O. (2014). The Nordic Five to Fifteen questionnaire could provide the basis for a common neurological disability variable. Acta Paediatrica, 103 (8), 879–885. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24799045

Kadesjö, B. & Gillberg, C. (2001) The comorbidity of ADHD in the general population of Swedish school age children. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 41, (487–492). http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11383964

Kopp S, Beckung E & Gillberg C (2010) Developmental coordination disorder and other motor control problems in girls with autism spectrum disorder and/or attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Research in Developmental Disabilities (in press). http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19910158

Koubaa, S., Hällström, T., Hagenas, L., Hirschberg, A. L. (2013). Retarded head growth and neurocognitive development in infants of mothers with a history of eating disorders: longitudinal cohort study. Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig, 2013. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1471-0528.12370

Lambek, R. & Trillingsgaard, A, Kadesjö, B., Damm, D., & Thomsen, P. H. (2010). Gender Differences on the Five to Fifteen Questionnaire in a Non-referred Sample with Inattention and Hyperactivity-Impulsivity and a Clinic-referred Sample with Hyperkinetic Disorder. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, 51 (6), 540-547. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20602741

Lambek, R. & Trillingsgaard, A (2015). Elaboration, validation and standardization of the five to fifteen (FTF) questionnaire in a Danish population sample. Research in Developmental Disabilities, 38, 161–170. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25590170

Lind, A., Lapinleimu, H., Korkman, M., Lehtonen, L., Parkkola, R., & Haataja, L. (2010)*. Five-year follow-up of prematurely born children with postnatally developing caudothalamic cysts. Acta Paediatrica, 99(2), 304-307. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19832740

Lind, Haataja, L., Rautava, L., Väliaho, A., Lehtonen, L., Lapinleimu, H., Parkkola, R,, Korkman, M. & The PIPARI Study Group (2009)*. Relations between brain volumes, neuropsychological assessment and parental questionnaire in prematurely born children. European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 19 (5), 407-417 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19821136

Lindblad, I. (2013). Mild intellectual disability: Diagnostic and outcome aspects Doktorsavhandling. https://gupea.ub.gu.se/handle/2077/34073

Lindblad, I., Gillberg, C., og Fernell, E. (2011). ADHD and other associated developmental problems in children with mild mental retardation. The use of the "Five-To-Fifteen" questionnaire in a population-based sample. Research in Developmental Disabilities, 32 (6), pp.2805-2809. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21703820

Lundervold, A. J., Posserud, M. B., Ullebø, A. K., Sørensen, L., & Gillberg, C. (2011). Teacher reports of hypoactivity symptoms reflect slow cognitive processing speed in primary school children. European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 20 (3), 121-126. doi:10.1007/s00787-010-0153-1. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21190053

Niklasson L, Rasmussen P, Oskarsdottir S & Gillberg C. (2009) Autism, ADHD, mental retardation and behavior problems in 100 individuals with 22q11 deletion syndrome. Research in Developmental Disabilities, 30: 763-773. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19070990

Niklasson, L. (2007). 22q11 Deletion Syndrome. Neuropsychological and Neuropsychiatric Correlates. A Clinical Study of 100 Cases. Doktorsavhandling, 2007. https://gupea.ub.gu.se/handle/2077/7499

Nylander, C., Toivonen, H., Nasic, S., Söderström, U., Tindberg, Y., Fernell, E. (2013). Children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes and high HbA1c -- a neurodevelopmental perspective. Acta Paediatr, 102(4):410-5. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23278767

Pediatrics (2015). Research Results from Odense University Hospital Update Knowledge of Pediatrics (The Nordic Five to Fifteen questionnaire could provide the basis for a common neurological disability variable). Health & Medicine Week, May 29, 2015, p.259 https://www.highbeam.com/doc/1G1-416063424.html

Raaska, H., Elovainio, M., Sinkkonen, J., Stolt, S., Jalonen, I., Matomaki, J., Makipaa, S., Lapinleimu, H. (2013). Adopted Children's Language Difficulties and Their Relation to Symptoms of Reactive Attachment Disorder, FinAdo Study. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 34(3), p.152-160. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0193397313000038

Rautava, L., Andersson, S., Gissler, M., Hallman, M., Häkkinen, U., Korvenranta, E., Korvenranta, H., Leipälä, J., Tammela, O., & Lehtonen, L. (2010). Development and behaviour of 5-year-old very low birthweight infants. European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 19(8), (669-677). http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20309594

Rydén E & Bejerot, S. (2008) Autism spectrum disorders in an adult psychiatric population. A naturalistic cross-sectional controlled study. Clinical Neuropsychiatry, 5 (1): 13-21. http://www.clinicalneuropsychiatry.org/pdf/03_ryden.pdf

Staberg, M., Norén, J. G; Johnson, M., Kopp, S., Robertson, A. (2014). Parental attitudes and experiences of dental care in children and adolescents with ADHD - a questionnaire study. Swedish Dental Journal, 38 (2) s. 93-100. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25102720

Stylsvig M. (2008) Forekomsten af erhvervet hjerneskade hos børn og unge samt en prospektiv undersøgelse af adfærdsmæssige følgevirkninger og neuropsykologisk status efter kranietraumerne. Ph.d.-afhandling. Det Sundhedsvidenskabelige Fakultet. Aarhus Universitet. http://www.vfhj.dk/admin/write/files/Fil1743_stylsvig PHD-1.pdf

Svanborg P, Thernlund G, Gustafsson PA, Hägglöf B, Schacht A, Kadesjö B. (2009) Atomoxetine improves patient and family coping in attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study in Swedish children and adolescents. European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry,18(12):725-35. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19466476

Trillingsgaard, A. (2005) Barnets udvikling og adfærd - Præsentation af et nyt instrument til at vurdere vanskeligheder og styrker på en række udviklings- og adfærdsområder hos børn i alderen 5-15 år. Dansk Psykolog Nyt nr. 23 2005 s 18-22. http://infolink2003.elbo.dk/PsyNyt/Dokumenter/doc/13809.pdf

Information about 5-15 in Nordic language

Article in Norwegian by Geir Øgrim, published in "Innsikt" 2009:
link
All rights reserved (c) 2009

Published by ”Nordic Research Group on AD/HD”.
Marit Korkman (FIN), Björn Kadesjö (SWE), Anegen Trillingsgaard (DAN), Katarina Michelsson (FIN),
Lars-Olof Janols (SWE), Gerd Strand (NOR) and Christopher Gillberg (SWE).

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